Phrase, Noun Phrase



Definition:-

Phrase is a group of Words , that makes a meaning but not a sense. It has neither a Subject nor a Verb. It may have incomplete Verbs ; Infinitives or Participles.


Examples:- The groups of words in italics are phrases in examples below:

·         The sun sets in the west.
·         The girl has a pen with red colour.
·         Steve applied for a long leave.

Noun Phrase

A noun phrase is a group of words containing a noun that function together as a noun, as the subject, object or complement of a verb. A noun phrase includes a noun—a person, place, or thing—and the modifiers—either before or after or both—which distinguish it.
Noun Phrase = Modifier + Noun
                             Modifier + Noun + Modifier
                            Noun + Modifier
Function of Noun Phrases:-
Noun phrases work the functions of subjects, objects, and complements.
Sentence:-The man with intellectual brilliance  tried to make the situation under control.
The man with intellectual brilliance = subject.
Sentence:- Mark wanted Ricky Ponting who refused to open the innings.
Ricky Ponting who refused to open the innings = direct object.
Sentence: -He will one day be a great politician.
A great politician = subject complement.


More Examples:

All the boys were playing.

The boy in the blue jeans says he'll do it.

He gifted her beautiful purple dress.

How can you talk with these rude people?

Was Hitler a real hero?



Under the Noun phrase comes three another phrase they are:

1.      Appositive Phrase

An appositive phrase renames another noun.
Example:
Bob, my best friend, is a brilliant student.
Or,
My best friend Bob is a brilliant student.

2.      Gerund Phrase
A gerund phrase is just a noun phrase with a gerund.
Example: I love playing football.

3.      Infinitive Phrase
An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase with an infinitive.
(An infinitive phrase can also function as an adjective or an adverb.)

Example: I love to play baseball.

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