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Simple Present Tense



Definition:-
Simple Present Tense is used to describe an action which takes place in present and does not depend on when it ends. A general action of present is called Simple Present Tense. An action which repeats again and again is Simple Present Tense.

Usage:-

Simple Present Tense is used :

1.       To express an usual action. I play tennis. The plane leaves every morning at 8 a.m.
2.       To express universal truth. The sun rises in the east. Earth moves round the sun.
3.       To express a conception which was true in the past, is true now, and is believed to be true in the future. Washington DC is in U.S.   Cats like milk.
4.       To express near future. The final examination commences on Monday next. The school reopens tomorrow.
5.       To express the idea that some continuous action is going on or not. This is in case of Non-Continuous Verbs.  He is here now. He has a nice pen .

Positive Sentence (Do-Verb):-
Persons
Subject
Verb
st Person
I
do .
We
do .
2nd Person
You
do.
You
do.
3rd Person
He
does.
She
does.
It
does.
They
do.

Negative Sentence (Do-Verb):-
Persons
Subject
Verb
Not
1st Person
I
do
not.
We
do
not.
2nd Person
You
do
not.
You
do
not.
3rd Person
He
does
not.
She
does
not.
It
does
not.
They
do
not.

Positive Sentence with Run-Verb:-

Persons
Subject
Verb
st Person
I
run.
We
run.
2nd Person
You
run.
You
run.
3rd Person
He
runs.
She
runs.
It
runs.
They
run.

Negative Sentence with Run-Verb:-
Persons
Subject
Verb
Not
Verb
1st Person
I
do
not.
run.
We
do
not.
run.
2nd Person
You
do
not.
run.
You
do
not.
run.
3rd Person
He
does
not.
run.
She
does
not.
run.
It
does
not.
run.
They
do
not.
run.

Interrogative Sentence with Run-Verb:-

Persons
Auxiliary
Subject
Verb
st Person
Do
I
run?
Do
we
run?
2nd Person
Do
you
run?
Do
you
run?
3rd Person
Does
he
run?
Does
she
run?
Does
it
run?

Interrogative Negative Sentence:-
Persons
Auxiliary
Subject
Not
Verb
st Person
Do
I
not
run?
Do
we
not
run?
2nd Person
Do
you
not
run?
Do
you
not
run?
3rd Person
Does
he
not
run?
Does
she
not
run?
Does
it
not
run?
Do
they
not
run?

###  ‘Not’ after Noun and After Pronoun:-
‘Not’ comes after the Subject. It happens because the Subjects are Pronoun. But a Noun Subject does not take the ‘not’ after it; instead ‘not’ is placed before a Noun Subject.
Examples:- Do not the boys read well? Does not the boy take coffee?
Positive with Be-Verb:-
Persons
Subject
Verb
st Person
I
am.
We
are.
2nd Person
You
are.
You
are.
3rd Person
He
is.
She
is.
It
is.
They
are.

Negative Sentence with Be-Verb:-
Persons
Subject
Verb
Not
st Person
I
am.
not.
We
are.
not.
2nd Person
You
are.
not.
You
are.
not.
3rd Person
He
is.
not.
She
is.
not.
It
is.
not.
They
are.
not.


Positive Sentence with Modal Verb:-
Persons
Subject
Modal
Verb
st Person
I
should
run.
We
should
run.
2nd Person
You
should
run.
You
should
run.
3rd Person
He
should
run.
She
should
run.
It
should
run.
They
should
run.

Negative Sentence with Modal Verb :-
Persons
Subject
Modal
Not
Verb
st Person
I
should
not
run.
We
should
not
run.
2nd Person
You
should
not
run.
You
should
not
run.
3rd Person
He
should
not
run.
She
should
not
run.
It
should
not
run.
They
should
not
run.

Third Person Singular Number:-  
1.       In Simple Present Tense, the main Verb in positive Sentence and Helping Verb in Negative Sentence take ‘s’ or ‘es’ . ‘s’ or ‘es’ is added to the basic form of the Verb at the end of the Verb.
2.       The Verbs which end in o, s, x, z, ch, ss take ‘es’ as suffix to form Third Person Singular Verb. Go+es=goes, Teach + es = teaches, Class + es =Classes,
3.       If y is at the last point of a word and is followed by a consonant, the ‘y’ becomes ‘i’ and adds ‘es’ to form 3rd Person Singular . try + es= tries, 

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