Simple Past Tense or Past Indefinite


Definition:-
Simple Past is used to express an action of the past. An action which happened in past is expressed through past tense.
Usage:-
·         Completed Action:- Simple Past is used to express completed action.
I finished my homework.
·         Series of Completed Action:- Simple Past is used to narrate a series of completed action.
Romeo came, he saw and he conquered.
We arrived at 9 a.m. We reached hotel at 10 a.m. The we went to sea beach.
·         Past Fact or Generalization :- Simple Past is used to narrate the past fact or generalization which is not true now.
He did not like potatoes before.
People paid much more to make calls in past.
·         Past Habit:- Simple past is used to narrate a past habit which stopped then. Adverbs like often, always, usually, never etc are used to make the sense clear.
He played the flute.
Ashok never went to school. He always left class.
I read story when I was a teen.
·         Duration:- Simple Past is used to narrate the past event of a certain duration.  It is clearly expressed by the expressions like ‘ for two years’, for ten minutes’ etc .
I lived in Washington for five years.
I waited for an hour.

Structure :-  Simple Past Tense is formed with Subject and Verb. Verb means the past form of a Verb. Sometimes the main form remains unchanged  when the Main verb needs Modal or Auxiliary Verb.
Positive :- Subject + Verb-ed
Negative:- Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not + Main Verb
Interrogative:- Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Main Verb
Verb ‘Had’ in Simple Past in Positive, Negative and Interrogative
Persons
Positive
Negative
Interrogative
First Person
I had.
We had.
I did not have.
We did not have.
Did I have?
Did we have?
Second Person
You had.
You had.
You did not have.
You did not have.
Did you have?
Did you have?
Third Person
He had.
She had.
It had.
They had.
He did not have.
She did not have.
It did not have.
They did not have.
Did he have?
Did she have?
Did it have?
Did they have?

Verb ‘Be’ in Simple Past in Positive, Negative and Interrogative
Persons
Positive
Negative
Interrogative
First Person
I was.
We were.
I was not.
We were not.
Was I?
Were we?
Second Person
You were.
You were.
You were not.
You were not.
Were you?
Were you?
Third Person
He was.
She was.
It was.
They were.
He was not.
She was not.
It was not.
They were not.
Was he?
Was she?
Was it?
Were they?

Verb ‘Play’ in Simple Past in Positive, Negative and Interrogative
Persons
Positive
Negative
Interrogative
First Person
I played.
We played.
I did not play.
We did not play.

Did I play?
Did we play?
Second Person
You played.
You played.
You did not play.
You did not play.
Did you play?
Did you play?
Third Person
He played.
She played.
It played.
They played.
He did not play.
She did not play.
It did not play.
They did not play.
Did he play?
Did she play?
Did it play?
Did they play?


Modal Verb:- the Modal Verb ‘must’ becomes ‘had to’ in Simple Past Tense.

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