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Past Perfect Tense


Definition:-
If something happened before another action, Past Perfect Tense is used to narrate the former action. Two actions took place in the past. But both the actions did not occurred at a single point of time. One action was preceded by another. The action which took place earlier, is in Past Perfect.
I had never visited U.S. before my tour to U.S. in 2015.
Usage:-
·         With Non-Continuous Verbs ,Past Perfect is used to express that something began in the past and continued until another action happened in the past.
Examples:-
I had had a beautiful parrot before it left the house.
She had been in Hostel for five years before she completed her study.

Exceptions:-
·         ‘Live’, ‘work’, ‘teach’, ‘study’ are sometimes used in this manner.

·         If Past Perfect took place at a specific time, Past Perfect can be turned into Simple Past. Look into the following pair.
Examples:-
She had gone to Australia in 1993 before she moved there in 1996.
She went to Australia in 1993 before she moved there in 1996.
Otherwise , Past Perfect is must.
·         If the sentence contains ‘before’ or ‘after’ , the Past Perfect Tense stays before ‘before’ but after ‘after’ .
Examples:-
The train reached the station after we had landed.
We had reached the station before the train came.
Structure:-
Positive:- Subject + had + Verb-ed
Negative:-  Subject + had + not + Verb-ed
Interrogative :- Had + Subject + Verb-ed
Verb ‘Go’ in Past Perfect in Positive, Negative and Interrogative
Persons
Positive
Negative
Interrogative
First Person
I had gone.
We had gone.
I had not gone.
We had not gone.
Had I gone?
Had we gone?
Second Person
You had gone.
You had gone.
You had not gone.
You had not gone.
Had you gone?
Had you gone?
Third Person
He had gone.
She had gone.
It had gone.
They had gone.
He had not gone.
She had not gone.
It had not gone.
They had not gone.
Had he gone?
Had she gone?
Had it gone?
Had they gone?



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