Types and Formation of Adverbs

Adverb Types

1.Simple Adverb

time = when, how long, how often,
Place = where, where from,
Manner = how, in what manner,
Degree = how much, to what extant,
Reason =why,
Purpose =why,
Consequence = why.


2 Interrogative Adverb= Interrogative Adverbs are used to make question.

3.Relative Adverb= A Relative Adverb is used to make joining clauses.

Formation of Adverb

  1.  Adverb is formed adding ly to adjective of manner.
Beautiful =beautifully

  1. Adverb is formed adding ly to a noun.

  1. Adverb is formed adding ly to particles.
Surprising= surprisingly,hurried= hurriedly

  1. Adverb is formed adding preposion to.

   a Noun = asleep today tomorrow ashore abed

   an Adverb = hereafter herewith hereby thereby henceforth therein henceforward

   an Adjective = behind below aloud along abroad beyond

By adding prefixes and suffixes, Adverbs are formed.

backward headlong homeward lengthwise meantime midday midnight meanwhile sometimes 


1.The adverbs which modify an adjective,adverb or a verb by intensifying or heightening their meaning,are called intensifier.

Examples:  absolutely, altogether, certainly, completely, dearly, entirely, exactly, extremely, fully, greatly, highly, perfectly, positively, quitely, really, skilfully, surely, tatally, very, very much.

2.Adverbs which modify verbs,adjectives or other adverbs by toning down or decreasing their effects,are called Intensifiers.

Examples: almost, nearly, slightly, rather, not, partly, a bit, a little, not at all, more or less, barely, quite ,a lot, fairly,          somewhat, hardly.

 B. Adverbial - Adverbial is a group of words which does the same function as an adverb and thus gives more information about when ,how ,where or in what circumstances something happens.

C. Adverb Phrase- Adverbial Phrase refers to a group of words acting as an Adverb.

The voyage has been cancelled because of illness.

Prepositional Phrases-
He stood in front of me.

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