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Types and Formation of Adverbs


Adverb Types

1.Simple Adverb

time = when, how long, how often,
Place = where, where from,
Manner = how, in what manner,
Degree = how much, to what extant,
Reason =why,
Purpose =why,
Consequence = why.

Affirmation
negation

2 Interrogative Adverb= Interrogative Adverbs are used to make question.
when

3.Relative Adverb= A Relative Adverb is used to make joining clauses.
when


Formation of Adverb

  1.  Adverb is formed adding ly to adjective of manner.
Beautiful =beautifully

  1. Adverb is formed adding ly to a noun.
Day=daily,month=monthly,week=weekly

  1. Adverb is formed adding ly to particles.
Surprising= surprisingly,hurried= hurriedly

  1. Adverb is formed adding preposion to.

   a Noun = asleep today tomorrow ashore abed

   an Adverb = hereafter herewith hereby thereby henceforth therein henceforward

   an Adjective = behind below aloud along abroad beyond

By adding prefixes and suffixes, Adverbs are formed.

backward headlong homeward lengthwise meantime midday midnight meanwhile sometimes 


A.Intensifier

1.The adverbs which modify an adjective,adverb or a verb by intensifying or heightening their meaning,are called intensifier.


Examples:  absolutely, altogether, certainly, completely, dearly, entirely, exactly, extremely, fully, greatly, highly, perfectly, positively, quitely, really, skilfully, surely, tatally, very, very much.

2.Adverbs which modify verbs,adjectives or other adverbs by toning down or decreasing their effects,are called Intensifiers.


Examples: almost, nearly, slightly, rather, not, partly, a bit, a little, not at all, more or less, barely, quite ,a lot, fairly,          somewhat, hardly.

 B. Adverbial - Adverbial is a group of words which does the same function as an adverb and thus gives more information about when ,how ,where or in what circumstances something happens.

C. Adverb Phrase- Adverbial Phrase refers to a group of words acting as an Adverb.

The voyage has been cancelled because of illness.

Prepositional Phrases-
He stood in front of me.

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