Number of Noun



When we denote one,it is called to be in Singular ;when we refer more than one ,it is called to be in Plural form.
Singular Number :- A noun which refers only one person or thing in respect of count is Singular Noun.
Girl – It refers to one girl.
Plural Number :- A Noun which refers  more than one is Plural Number.
Girls :- Girls refers to more than one girl.
1.       Words form Plural by adding s to their end.

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Boy
Boys
Girl
Girls
Chair
Chairs
Pen
Pens
Cow
Cows
Pencil
Pencils
Dog
Dogs
Table
Tables


2..In some cases es is added.

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Ass
Asses
Fish
Fishes
Bench
Benches
Fox
Foxes
Bus
Buses
Glass
Glasses
Bush
Bushes
Hero
Heroes
Box
Boxes
Loss
Losses
Church
Churches
Mango
Mangoes
Clash
Clashes
Match
Matches
Class
Classes
Potato
Potatoes
Dish
Dishes
Six
Sixes
Echo
Echoes
Speech
Speeches

*Exception :-  There are some words that do not need ‘es’, they need only ‘s’.

Monarch
Monarchs
Stomach
Stomachs

3.
The Nouns ending in o ,preceded by a consonant ,form the plural by adding es to the singular.
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Buffalo
Buffaloes
Motto
Mottoes
Hero
Heroes
Potato
Potatoes
Negro
Negroes
Tomato
Tomatoes
Mango
Mangoes
Tornado
Tornadoes
Mosquito
Mosquitoes
Volcano
Volcanoes

Exception:- There are words ending in o,preceded by consonant,do not follow the above rule.


Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Banjo
Banjos
Photo
Photos
Canto
Cantos
Piano
Pianos
Casino
Casinos
Portico
Porticos
Curio
Curio
Rhino
Rhinos
Dynamo
Dynamo
Solo
Solos
Ego
Ego
Tobacco
Tobaccos
Kilo
Kilo
Zero
Zeros













4. Nouns ending in o,preceded by another vowel,takes only s to form plural.
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Bamboo
Bamboo
Portfolio
Portfolios
Cuckoo
Cuckoos
Radio
Radios
Curio
Curios
Ratio
Ratios
Embryo
Embryos
Stereo
Sterios
Folio
Folios
Studio
Studios
Igloo
Igloos
Zoo
Zoos

5.If ended with y preceded by a consonant y is changed into i and es is added .

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plura
Army
Armies
Duty
Duties
Baby
Babies
Fly
Flies
Butterfly
Butterflies
Lady
Ladies
City
Cities
Spy
Spies
Country
Countries
Story
Stories

6. But if y is preceded by a vowel only s is added.

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Boy
Boys
Play
Plays
Day
Days
Ray
Rays
Key
Keys
Toy
Toys
Monkey
Monkeys
Tray
Trays


7. Last f or fe is converted into ves 


Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Calf
Calves
Loaf
Loaves
Half
Halves
Shelf
Shelves
Knife
Knives
Thief
Thieves
Leaf
Leaves
Wife
Wives
Life
Lives
Wolf
Wolves

*Exception :-

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Belief
Beliefs
Gulf
Gulfs
Brief
Briefs
Mischief
Mischiefs
Chief
Chiefs
Reef
Reefs
Handkerchief
Handkerchiefs
Safe
Safes
Grief
Griefs



8. When a word ends in ‘ef,ff,rf or oof ,it takes only s to form plural.
 
Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Cliff
Cliffs
Proof
Proofs
Dwarf
Dwarfs
Roof
Roofs
Hoof
Hoofs





9. Sometime inner vowel is changed.

Singular
Plural
Singular
Plural
Dormouse
Dormice
Man
Men
Foot
Feet
Mouse
Mice
Goose
Geese
Tooth
Teeth
Louse
Lice
Woman
Women

9. en or ren is added to form plural. 

ox =   oxen    : brother =Brethren :  child =  children

10 . Some nouns like
Cannon,
Cod,
Deer,
Dozen ,
Fish,
Grouse,
Hair,
Pice ,
Salmon,
Sheep,
Swine,
Trout
are unchangeable. They are same in Singular as well as in Plural forms.

11 These words are always plural.

Ashes
Assets
Breeches
Drawers
Pantaloons
Riches
Scissors
Spectacles
Thanks
Trousers
Vegetables
Wages

12.The words like
Cattle
Folk,
Gentry,
People,
Poultry,
Vermin             are plural


13. These are always singular.

advice
baggage
furniture
hair
information
issue
knowledge
luggage
news
progress
research
scenery


13.These seem to be plural but singular.

A

acoustics
athletics
classics
economics
genetics
gynastics
logistics
mathematics
mechanics
news
physics
statistics


B

billiards
bowls
cards
draughts

C

diabetes
measles
mumps
rabies
rickets

D

alms
annuals
braces
briefs
cords
dividers
environs
forks
fetters
glasses
innings
jeans
nuptials
odds
pants
proceeds
pyjamas
riches
scissors
socks
stockings
spectacles
thanks
tidings
tongs
trousers
wages

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