Case


Case :- A case is the relation of a Noun or a Pronoun to other words in a Sentence.
There are three types of Cases in English Language .These are as follows :-
1) Subjective or Nominative Case
2)Objective Case
3)Possessive Case .

1. Nominative Case :-When a noun/pronoun is used as the subject ,it is said to be in the Nominative Case.
Ram is eating an apple.
Who is eating an apple?=Ram
It is said to be in the Nomonative Case when a Noun or Noun Equivalent acts as a Subject.
Bradman played cricket.
Who played Cricket? The answer is Bradman.Thus Bradman gives the answer to the question - Who played cricket ?
Here Bradman is the Subject of the Sentence above.Thus it is in Nominative Case.
Positions of Nominative Case :-
i)The Nominative is generally used before the verb.
Example :- We are reading English .
ii)Exceptions :- a)It is placed after the verb in Interrogative Sentence .
Example :-What are you reading ?
b)In Imperative Sentences ,the Nominatives are generally placed if uttered.But in most cases these remains unuttered.
c)  In Exclamatory Sentences we found sometime the Nominative is placed after the Verb.
Example:-How excited are we to win the Match.
In Optative Sentences ,Nominatives are placed generally after the Verbs.
Example :-May God bless you.
e)In conditional Adverbial Clauses when we do not use if or whether.
Had I studied well,I would have got star mark.
f)If we mention the quotation,then the speaker.
Example :-"What is the wrong ", said he.
g)Here,there needs the Nominative after the Verb.



Jack Kalis is playing with khokho.
1. When a noun/pronoun is used as the subject ,it is said to be in the Nominative Case.
Who is eating an apple?=Ram

2. Objective /Accusative Case :-
  When a noun/pronoun is used as the object of a verb ,it is said to be in the Objective /Accusative Case.
What is Ram eating?=apple
The book is on the table.We get fish from the river.
Table is the object of the preposition on;
river is the object of from

3. Possessive Case :-
Paulomi's cat is in the the garden.
It is boys' school.

This is the door of the room.

Nature's beauty,  Bengal's heroes. fortune's  favourite
Time= a month's leave,a week's holiday,ten day's leave
Space= a hair's breath, a razor's point,
Weight= a kilogram's weight,a pound's weight

It is someone else's pen.
Kalyan and Ratan's  house is on a hill.
Dont use the  with the possessive pronoun, possessive adjectives or with interrogative pronoun whose.
Whose piano is this?
It is his piano.

4. Vocative Case :-
Come to me,nitai.
When a noun is used to summon  or address a person ,it is said to be in the vocative case.

5. Case in Apposition.
Mr Dutta, the poet, has come at last.

6. Nominative Absolute
The sun having set, we returned home.
The game over ,he distributed medals.
The wind being  favorable, they get sail.
It has no relation to the sentences .these are independent. These type of structures are formed by placing noun or pronoun before participle.


Nominative                  
I                                            
we
thou
you
he
she
they
it
who
  Objective
me
us
thee
him
her
them
it
whom
Genitive
mine
ours/our
thy/thine
your/yours
his
hers/her
their/theirs
its
whose

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